Shradh is a Sanskrit word that refers to anything that is done with utmost sincerity and faith. The 15 days lunar period is considered highly important for Hindus. People pay homage to their ancestors during this time period of 15 days. Conceptually, this is a time period when we feel heartfelt gratitude for our deceased parents and forefathers and, pray for them so that they can stay is peace. Poojas are performed and food is offered to priestly Brahmans.
This 15 days period plays an important role in the process of pacifying the departed souls. There are Hindu scriptures like ‘Garuda Purana’, Agni Puran, and Vayu Puran define the significance of Shradh in great length.
Shradh Dates that you should follow through the days
|September 20, 2021||Monday||Purnima Shradh|
|September 21, 2021||Tuesday||Pratipada Shradh|
|September 22, 2021||Wednesday||Dwitiya Shradh|
|September 23, 2021||Thursday||Tritiya Shradh|
|September 24, 2021||Friday||Chaturthi Shradh|
|September 24, 2021||Friday||Maha Bharani|
|September 25, 2021||Saturday||Panchami Shradh|
|September 26, 2021||Sunday||Shashthi Shradh|
|September 28, 2021||Tuesday||Saptami Shradh|
|September 29, 2021||Wednesday||Ashtami Shradh|
|September 30, 2021||Thursday||Navami Shradh|
|October 1, 2021||Friday||Dashami Shradh|
|October 2, 2021||Saturday||Ekadashi Shradh|
|October 3, 2021||Sunday||Dwadashi Shradh|
|October 3, 2021||Sunday||Magha Shradh|
|October 4, 2021||Monday||Trayodashi Shradh|
|October 5, 2021||Tuesday||Chaturdashi Shradh|
|October 6, 2021||Wednesday||Sarva Pitru Amavasya|
The last day of the Pitru Paksha shradh is Sarva Pitru Amavasya. It is popularly known as Mahalya Amavasya as well. This Amavasya is the most significant day of the Shraddha. The Shradh of Amavasya tithi is done for people who died on Amavasya tithi, purnima tithi or Chaturdashi tithi.
Moreover, if someone fails to perform any of the other Shradhs, then you can perform Amavasya Shradh for all the deceased souls of the family. Even if you don’t know the dates of death of your forefathers or you have forgotten it, then these Shradhs can be performed on the day of Amavasya. That is why the day is also known as Sarvapitra Moksha Amavasya.
Dos and Don’ts of Shradh/pitru paksha
We have scripted a list of dos and don’ts that will help you fiulfill all the conditions of Shradh and will keep you prepared.
- Only cow milk should be used in the preparation of food for the pooja either you need, milk, curd or ghee. Also, make sure the cow who is providing you milk should not have given birth to a calf recently. Cow, who recently gave birth to a calf, should not be milked.
- Silver utensils should be preferred for the rituals. Using silverware for the rituals and pooja is considered auspicious. It is believed that silver eradicate all the evil forces. If not silver, consider bronze and copper as they are also considered auspicious.
- Use barley peas and mustard. According to Hindu beliefs, the usage of barley, Kaangani (a type of millet), peas and mustard in the pooja and food is considered auspicious.
- Sesame. It is another food ingredient that is considered auspicious. It is believed that sesame seeds protect you from the evil powers. Sesame seeds bring good luck and happiness into our lives.
- Kheer. A sweet meal that is prepared with milk, rice, ghee and sugar should be served to Brahmans on this auspicious day. Kheer is a vital part of Hindu rituals.
- All the Hindus must go vegetarian during this time period. Offer food to Brahmans. Priests are supposed to eat their meal in silence while remembering and praying for deceased souls. It is suggested to serve food and Prasad to needy people as well. A small portion of food is served to cow, crow, ants and dogs separately.
- Meat, chicken, eggs rotten fruits or grains should not be served to Brahmans as it is considered no less than their insult.
The time period is considered highly significant because according to Hindu beliefs, the pooja, prayers and prashad offered to deceased souls reach them almost instantly. It helps them to attain peace, and they bless their children.
Doing a shradh pooja is a long process and all the steps should be followed while performing it. Moreover, it is suggested to perform the pooja in the presence of a Brahman. Family members can only eat after the priest and ancestors (cow) are done.
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